Making your oral health a priority can safeguard your overall health and well-being. That’s because many oral diseases can influence health conditions outside the mouth and vice versa. The relationship between your mouth and the rest of your body is called the ‘mouth-body connection.’ Here’s why it’s so important for your overall health to maintain a healthy smile.
The Mouth-Body Connection
Your mouth is full of many kinds of microorganisms, including bacteria. Thankfully, most of them are harmless and practicing good oral hygiene can help reduce the amount of bad bacteria in your mouth. But if you do have too much bad bacteria in your mouth, they can create acids and cause inflammation that lead to oral infections like tooth decay and periodontal (gum) disease.
Overall Health Issues Are Linked to Your Mouth
Gum disease, especially in its advanced stage has been linked to a higher risk of:
- Heart disease and stroke
- Respiratory diseases like bronchitis and pneumonia
- Bacterial pneumonia
Researchers continue to investigate connections between gum disease and other diseases. For instance, some research suggests a connection between mouth bacteria and the development of Alzheimer’s disease. Other research suggests people with gum disease are more likely to die from heart disease or stroke than those without gum disease. A large number of studies have also shown a potential association between gum disease and autoimmune diseases, like rheumatoid arthritis and lupus. In addition, more severe gum disease in pregnant women may be a risk factor for delivering a premature or low-birth-weight baby.
Gum Disease and Overall Health Intensify Each Other
Not only is gum disease more frequent and often more severe in diabetics, but it can also make it more difficult for diabetics to control their blood sugar. Treating gum disease can help diabetics better manage their blood sugar levels.
In addition to diabetes, other diseases such as HIV infections, AIDS and blood cell disorders like anemia can make it harder for the body to fight infection, resulting in more severe gum disease.
Other Health Conditions That Can Damage Oral Health
- Sjogren’s syndrome is an immune system disorder that leads to cavity-causing dry mouth.
- Eating disorders can cause many oral health problems, including bleeding, dry mouth and brittle teeth.
- People with mental health issues are more likely to have oral health problems. This is most often due to poor diet and neglect of regular oral health care.
- Osteoporosis can lead to tooth loss when the jawbone becomes less dense.
How Can You Protect Your Oral and Overall Health
You can prevent health issues with a regular at-home oral health routine, including:
- Brushing twice a day with fluoride toothpaste and a soft-bristled toothbrush for two minutes each time
- Flossing daily
- Replacing your toothbrush or toothbrush head every three to four months or sooner if your bristles fray or spread out
- Eating a healthy, balanced diet that limits sugary and starchy foods and drinks
Be sure to schedule regular dental visits. Your dentist can uncover oral problems like mouth lesions or infections that may be the first sign of an underlying health problem. If you need help finding an in-network dentist use the dentist search tool on our website to locate a provider in your area.